A Natural Wonder: Pamukkale Turkey 

  
 
Deriving from springs in a cliff almost 200 m high overlooking the plain, calcite-laden waters have created at Pamukkale. 
Pamukkale, literally means ‘cotton castle’ in Turkish, is indeed a natural wonder. 

Pamukkale is made up of mineral forests, petrified waterfalls and a series of terraced basins. 

However, if you are looking for the most iconic google image of Pamukkale, you will be disappointed. The area is left empty and there is no spring water in those terraced basins
    

At the end of the 2nd century B.C. the dynasty of the Attalids, the kings of Pergamon, established the thermal spa of Hierapolis. The ruins of the baths, temples and other Greek monuments can be seen at the site.

Karahayit Red Hot Spring, Pamukkale Turkey 

   

 Karahayit is a small village situated just 7 km after Pamukkale. You can easily take a dolmuş there from Pamukkale for ₺2 one way. 

  
The highlight of Karahayit is a natural hot spring. Due to the minerals existing in its structure, the hot spring water spreads reddish color to the environment and it is believed that they provide healing to the visitors for 5000 years. 

  

   

Locally known as ‘Kirmiz Su’, which translates to red water, it is very rich in calcium, magnesium and sulphurs, at about 56 degrees.